The largest metropolitan regions

Rhine-Ruhr, the largest metropolitan region in Germany, with over ten million inhabitants. Cologne (the region's largest and Germany's fourth largest city), Düsseldorf(the state capital)

Rhine-Main metropolitan region, which has a population of more than 5.6 million and is Germany's second-largest metropolitan region, Frankfurt


  • Brandenburg Gate
  • Potsdamer Platz
  • Reichstag (Parliament)
  • Bundeskanzleramt (Federal Chancellery)
  • Kurfürstendamm / Friedrichstrasse: shopping and entertainment streets
  • Gendarmenmarkt


Frederick William, the Elector of Brandenburg, decided to make Potsdam his place of residence.

  • Schloss Sanssouci (Sanssouci Palace): sans = without, souci = worry, sans souci = carefree


Dresden is derived from Drezdzane, the old Slavic word for "forest people". Famous for Dresden china.

Along the river of Elbe.

  • Frauenkirche (Church of Our Lady)
  • Verkehrsmuseum Dresden (Dresden Transport Museum)
  • Zwinger: the most important late baroque building in Germany.


Bach and Mendelssohn.

Name derived from "Lipsk", the original Slav settlement named for the lime trees (lipa) growing there.

  • Stadtgeschichtliches Museum Leipzig, Altes Rathaus: old town hall
  • Bach-Museum Leipzig
  • Mendelssohn-Haus


  • Miniatur Wunderland
  • Lake Alster: take a cruise boat.
  • Speicherstadt: warehouse district


Germany's oldest maritime city. (since 10th century during Emperor Otto I) Now the 2nd largest port in Germany.

  • Bremer Marktplatz: Bremen Market Square
  • Schnoor: the oldest surviving residential area within the city of Bremen.


German's largest Hanseatic port on the Baltic. Chosen as the administrative headquarters for the Hanseatic League in 1358.

  • Marzipanmuseum


Follow the Red Thread (painted red lines on the ground) for a walking tour of the city.

  • Museum August Kestner


The capital of Bavaria. Founded in 1158. 3rd largest city.


  • Fasching
  • Oktoberfest


  • Marienplatz: City-center square


  • bahn: train
  • bahnhof: train station
  • straße / strasse: street
  • platz: square
  • palast: palace
  • stadt: town
  • schloss: castle
  • markt: market
  • rathaus: town hall
  • haupt: head (hauptstadt = capital city, hauptbahnhof = central station)
  • alt: old (alten markt = old market, Altstadt = old town)
  • neues: new
  • viertel: quarter
  • north: Norden
  • south: Süden
  • east: osten
  • west: westen


  • King Frederick WIlliam I; his son Frederick II, a.k.a. Frederick the Great.