Gained its independence in 1830 from the Netherlands. 3 communities: the Flemish Community (Dutch), the French Community (the Wallon people of French origin), and the German-speaking Community. 3 regions: Flanders, Brussels Capital, and Wallonia.
3 official languages: Dutch (Flemish), German, French.
The Flemish Benedictine monks invented beer.
Brussels: the seat of the EU, NATO.
- Grand Place
- Manneken Pis
Antwerp: world's diamond center.
- Plantin-Moretus Museum
- The Rubens House
- Ghent: Flemish water town.
- Alkmaar: cheese market, cheese museum, beer museum.
- Enkhuizen: Zuiderzeemuseum (zuider=south, zee=see), Bottle Ship Museum (Flessenscheepjes Museum)
- Haarlem: old town undamaged from the wars. Great Market (Grote Markt).
Transportation: Luxembourg Central Station.