Regions and Countries






Australasia (Australia / New Zealand), Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia.

Americas vs Latin America

Exclude Canada, USA, Belize, Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica, the Bahamas, the Falklands.

Middle East vs West Asia

Middle East = West Asia - Caucasus  + all Egypt

Caucasus = Armenia / Azerbaijan / Georgia

Note: West Asia only includes Sinai Peninsula part of Egypt, while Middle East includes the whole Egypt.


Country Continent Language
Guinea Africa French
Guinea-Bissau Africa Portugese
Equatorial Guinea Africa Spanish
Papua New Guinea Oceania English
  • Guinea:Formerly known as French Guinea

Guinea pig:A common pet in South America.

Possible origins of the name:

  • Guinea pigs likely were brought to Europe by Spanish explorers in the 1500s. Around this time, the word guinea was sometimes used to describe things that were far across the sea
  • perhaps ports in either Guiana in South America or Guinea in Africa might have inspired the guinea portion of the name. Guinea pigs likely traveled to Europe on ships stopping at such ports.

Doubly Landlocked

  • Liechtenstein
  • Uzbekistan

North America Deserts

North America has four major deserts: Great Basin, Mohave, Chihuahuan and Sonoran.

  • The Great Basin Desert: both the highest-elevation and northernmost of the four and has very cold winters.
  • Though the Chihuahuan Desert is the southernmost, it lies at a fairly high elevation and is not protected by any barrier from arctic air masses, so hard winter freezes are common.